This book examines the crucial role that sound file selection plays in assessing listening ability and introduces the reader to the procedure of textmapping, which explores how to exploit a sound file. The book discusses the role of the task identifier, the task instructions and the example, and analyses the strengths and weaknesses of different test methods. Guidelines for developing listening items, and procedures that can be used in peer review and task revision are also provided. A range of sample listening tasks illustrates the benefits of following the test development approach described in the book. Developing Listening Tests also provides insights into the advantages that field trials, statistical analyses and standard setting can offer the language test developer in determining how well their tasks work. This practical book will be of interest to researchers, language testers, testing commissions, and teachers engaged in assessing listening performance around the world.
Publication date: 21 Feb 2017 | ISBN 978-1-137-45715-8 | ISBN 978-1-349-68771-8
'SALT' provides a step-by-step approach to the most useful statistical analyses for language test developers and researchers based on the programs IBM SPSS, Winsteps and Facets. Each chapter focuses on one particular type of analysis, for example, analysing how items in a test are performing or investigating the relationship between two variables. Each chapter begins with an introduction as to why this particular analysis is important for the language tester and then provides explanations about the terms and concepts which the reader will meet in the chapter.
The method for carrying out each analysis is then described in a systematic manner guiding the reader through the procedure for that particular analysis. The main aspects of the output files are then investigated and the results explained. Eleven of the book's appendices provide further opportunities for the reader to repeat many of the statistical procedures on different data sets. Questions and answers guide the reader in checking their understanding of the statistical procedures and output tables.
All data sets can be found on the Palgrave Macmillan website. Click on the link on the right hand side of the page entitled 'Data sets and errata' under Services for this Book:
Green, R. & Wall, D. (2005). Language testing in the military: problems, politics and progress. Language Testing, 22 (3): 379-398.